SO245 Lesson 8 Exam

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Gerhard Lenski acknowledged four stages in technological evolution. In which stage does the development of agriculture allow the population to create complex social orders?

  b) Stage 3

The Nile has two main sources. The Blue Nile flows from the highlands of Ethiopia; the White Nile flows from the region of Lake Victoria in Uganda. The two rivers meet at Khartoum in Sudan. Today, there are serious tensions between the governments of Egypt and Ethiopia regarding the construction of

  b) an Ethiopian dam to produce hydroelectric power.

Under the concept of _______, we can assume that a cause can be identified for every effect.

  d) determinism

Only seldom does the water of the Colorado River eventually reach its delta in the Gulf of

  a) California.

To accomplish a paradigm shift, the heaviest burden must be borne by the

  d) developed nations.

Four major rivers flow from the snowmelt of the Himalayan Mountains. Which river is a threat to local food production for residents of Vietnam?

  c) Mekong

In Leslie White’s formula E = P*T, “T” stands for

  a) the measure of energy efficiency.

As of 2011, which country produced the highest percentage of carbon dioxide emissions?

  d) China

How much of Earth’s freshwater is easily accessed?

  b) 1.0 percent

According to the text, which year has been the hottest on record to date?

  a) 2016

Concerns about the military-industrial complex and its threat to America’s democratic institutions were first introduced to the public by

  a) Dwight Eisenhower.

The belief that anything worth knowing must be derived from data provided by the senses is called

  c) positivism.

According to _______, Stage 3 is marked by an increase in the service sector and is a source of modern social problems.

  a) Toffler

According to the course, which statement is false?

  c) We should create a single global society under the control of a central government.

For Gerhard Lenski, the key to human progress is

  b) information.

Women comprise two-thirds of illiterate people on the planet as well as _______ percent of those living in poverty.

  d) 70

Which technology is often described as “rats in a maze”?

  a) Automated phone services

According to Leslie White, the key to human progress is

  d) harnessing energy.

In defining future shock, Alvin Toffler invented the term

  a) information overload.

According to a NASA report, about _______ percent of climate scientists agree that changes to the climate over the past century can be attributed to human activities.

  a) 97

The premises of scientism cannot be subjected to

  b) falsification.

Carbon atoms have _______ open gaps in their L shell, permitting the formation of highly complex compounds such as proteins and DNA molecules.

  c) 4

One primary argument against the use of nuclear fission for generating energy is the

  c) accumulation of lethal radioactive waste.

The English word “left” is derived from the Old English lyft, which means

  d) worthless.

In general, corporations emphasize profit-oriented applications of new technology, making them the engine of _______ culture.

  c) material

Which river system is a source of conflict between the inhabitants of northern and southern Kashmir?

  b) Indus

Annually, Americans produce about _______ of the world’s solid waste.

  d) one-half

Lenski proposed four levels of technological progress. The fourth level began in the context of the

  c) Industrial Revolution.

The main argument against the use of nuclear fission for generating energy is the:

  accumulation of lethal radioactive waste.

In general, corporate culture, with its emphasis on profit-oriented reasoning and applications of new technology, becomes the engine of __________ culture.

  material

Which of these statements is TRUE?

  Over a 134 time span, 2015 was the warmest year ever recorded.

Respecting energy, in Leslie White’s formula, E=P*T, “T” stands for:

  the measure of energy efficiency.

Gerhard Lenski acknowledged four stages in technological evolution. In which of these stages does the development of agriculture permit the creation of complex social orders?

  Stage 3

How much of Earth’s fresh water is easily accessed?

  1.0 percent

As of 2011, which country is producing the highest percentage of carbon dioxide emissions?

  China

Carbon atoms have __________ open gaps in their L shell, thus permitting the formation of highly complex compounds, such as proteins and DNA molecules.

  4

According to a report on 18 scientific associations, __________ that we are in an age of human-caused climate change.

  all of the 18 affirm

Lenski proposed 4 levels of technological progress. The fourth level began in the context of the:

  Industrial Revolution.

Under the concept of __________ we are to assume that for every effect there is an identifiable cause.

  determinism

The existence of the military-industrial complex and its attendant threat to America’s democratic institutions was first introduced into the public mind by:

  Dwight Eisenhower.

Four major rivers flow from the decreasing snow melt of the Himalayan mountains. If you are a resident of Vietnam, which of these four rivers is a threat to local food production?

  the Mekong

Two thirds of illiterate people on our planet are women and, at the same time, __________ percent of the people living in poverty are women.

  70

According to Brian Clark Howard, only 10 percent of the water in the Colorado River is left when the river crosses the Mexican border. That water is captured by a dam that supplies water to people south of the border. As a result it’s only very seldom that the remaining water in the river ever reaches its delta in the:

  Gulf of California.

Alvin Toffler, in defining future shock, invented the term:

  information overload.



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