Strategi Intermodal Transportation

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American Public UniversityTLMT 603 I001 Fall 14Strategi Intermodal Transportation

Transportation Congestion within Intermodal Freight

During this power point presentation I will explain how transportation congestion is a problem within the Inter modal  movement in the U.S. and around the world. On both it is a major problem because of the poorly planned road networks that exist, the results are delays, increased wastage and loss of revenue. Traffic congestion also affects the economy In different ways and it  affects all types of businesses that require the use of the freight transport system. The retail and wholesale industries, manufacturers, the farm industry and all other businesses that require the use of trucks to move their freight, lose time and money due to traffic congestion. Because of congestion the efficiency of the truck and driver is diminished and results as a loss on revenue for the business and the economy. As demand for freight grows, so do the problems with traffic congestion in urban areas and on intercity routes.

Causes for freight movement congestion, or delays

The movement of goods is traffic congestion. These can be caused by high demand in areas that are unable to supply a constant flow of traffic. Possible reasons for this can be traffic accidents, natural or man-made disasters, and environmental or weather related problems.

The Movement of Goods

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 The existing physical infrastructures inability to handle the rapid increases of the movement of freight efficiently. Some of the mayor physical infrastructures are:Roads. Too small or narrow, poor maintenance, inefficient routing for the movement of cargo.Bridges. Too small, poor maintenance, inadequate load capacity for freight and many are too old to handle modern demand. Ports. Inability to handle demand due to limited handling capacity, small warehousing capacity, limited operations and parking areas.

Physical Infrastructure

Causes for freight movement congestion, or delays

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Inadequate information flow due to:Sub-standard, computer equipment. Equipment that is outdated, or does not meet the requirements of today’s fast, complex programs, and applications.    Inefficient communication equipment. This is outdated equipment that fails to meet the speed, and complexity of today’s communication requirements. Inadequate Software. Software that is non-existing or outdated to meet today’s requirements.  

Information Flow

Causes for freight movement congestion, or delays

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Solution for Movement of Goods

 Since one of the main causes for congestion in the movement of goods is traffic congestion, we need to address the possible solutions. On Recurring congestion, which stems from capacity not being able to meet demand and thus creating bottlenecks and accidents a fresh approach is needed. We need to look at how best to modify and manage the demand. We can reduce or eliminate dues, tolls or other charges in order for freight to choose alternate routes as an incentive. On the other hand we can impose higher costs by rising or starting new tolls, dues and other costs, which in addition to the loss of time will make them, choose other routes.   

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The existing physical infrastructures inability to handle the rapid increases of the movement of freight efficiently. Some of the mayor physical infrastructures are: Roads. Too small or narrow, poor maintenance, inefficient routing for the movement of cargo. Bridges. Too small, poor maintenance, inadequate load capacity for freight and many are too old to handle modern demand. Ports. Inability to handle demand due to limited handling capacity, small warehousing capacity, limited operations and parking areas.   

The existing physical infrastructures inability to handle the rapid increases of the movement of freight efficiently. Some of the mayor physical infrastructures are:Roads. Too small or narrow, poor maintenance, inefficient routing for the movement of cargo. Bridges. Too small, poor maintenance, inadequate load capacity for freight and many are too old to handle modern demand.Ports. Inability to handle demand due to limited handling capacity, small warehousing capacity, limited operations and parking areas.  

Solution for Physical Infrastructure

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Substandard computer equipment. Up-grade or replace equipment as required. 

Inefficient communication equipment. Replace communication equipment. Inadequate software. Up-date existing software or replace it.  

Solution for Information Flow

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Regulations Impacts on the Global Movement of Freight

We can take the HOS regulation established in 2012 that sets the hours of service that a driver can work in a given time frame as an example. The passing of this regulation establishes that drivers can drive a maximum of 11 hours after they rest for 10 consecutive hours with set amounts of beaks. Positive impact on safety.negative impact is that HOS increases the time it takes to make the delivery.

HOS (Hours of Service)

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The SETA-H.R. 763 (Efficient Transportation Act)established on February 12 2013 under this regulation the total amount of weight that a six axle truck can reach is 97,000 pounds. The positive impact of this regulation is that enables trucks to be able to carry larger and heavier loads of cargo. By allowing this to happen less amount of trucks are needed to move the same amount of cargo. This allows for lower transportation cost in fuel, labor and time. The negative impact that will result from this regulation will be:Faster deterioration of roads, due to the additional weight. Many of the existing bridges will not be able to handle the extra weight.Safety will be a factor because it will take longer for trucks to stop.Additional funds will be required for upkeep of roads and building of bridges to accommodate changes resulting from this regulation.      

SETA-H.R. 763 ACT

Regulations Impacts on the Global Movement of Freight

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Environmental

Environmental issues that impacts strategic intermodal transportation today, from the military and the commercial:Air pollution = Current military transportation operations within the United States result in reported emissions of 400 tons of hazardous air pollutants and 18,000 tons of other regulated air emissions. To achieve cleaner air and the need for fewer permits the military is pursuing continuous pollutant reductions through process improvements and research. In the other hand the commercial transportation system owners and companies need to improve on maintenance in order to reduce emissions of pollutants. Soil Quality = for soil the military has very strict standards whenever a fuel or oil spill occurs. On the commercial freight side even though rules exist, it is harder to catch, control or penalize offenders.  

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Water Quality = Between the military and the commercial transportation system utilize different bodies of water like oceans and rivers to import and export goods. Accidents can always spill dangerous toxic chemicals and other serious pollutants into the water. This will affect the water quality in a negative way. NOISE = another issue that the military is better able to control by regulations. The commercial freight transport has guidelines and regulations in place but here again it is harder to catch, control or penalize offenders.  

Environmental

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Rodrigue, J., Comtois, C., & Slack, B. (2013). The geography of transport systems (3rd ed.).  Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. Rogers (2011) Impacts of public policy on the freight transportation system Retrieved from http://onlinepubs.trb.orgElkins, What are the causes of traffic congestion? Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/about_5403551_causes-trffic-congestion.html Federal Motor carrier safety administration. Retrieved from http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/regulations/hours-of-serviceJones (2007) Perspective on Freight Congestion Retrieved from http:// www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/publicroads/07july/06.cfmEnvironmental Compliance Program, December 15 2011. http://www.army.mil/ standto/archive/issue.php?issue=2011-12-15

References




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