Take Test: Unit II Assessment
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Which of the following lists contains four of the seven core elements of a safety and health program?
|Worksite analysis, safety committees, program evaluation, management leadership|
|Hazard prevention and control, management leadership, program evaluation and improvement, education and training|
|Worksite analysis, safety manager, program evaluation, hazard prevention and control|
|Hazard identification, management leadership, program evaluation, safety manager|
Which of the following is an example of an open-ended question used to interview witnesses during an accident investigation?
|What was the injured employee doing right before the accident happened?|
|Was the injured employee wearing the correct PPE for the job?|
|Did you see the accident happen?|
|Was the injured employee following the job procedures?|
A Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) focuses on the relationship between
|the worker, the supervisor, the tools, and the environment.|
|the tools, the task, the environment, and the worker.|
|the supervisor, the task, the worker, and the tools.|
|the task, the environment, the worker, and the supervisor.|
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of implementing OSHA’s recommended practices for safety and health programs?
|Improved retention of employees|
|Better employee morale|
|Favorable corporate image|
|Exemption from OSHA inspections|
How often should a construction worksite be inspected? Provide the rationale for your recommendation.
Your response should be at least 75 words in length.
Construction worksite inspection should be done at least daily.
Workers and supervisors should continually conduct ongoing inspections as part of daily job responsibilities. Daily checks and pre-operations checks should be done to assure the equipment or modified equipment meets minimum acceptable safety requirements. Periodic inspections should also be done as part of preventive maintenance procedures and hazard control programs (CCOHS, 2015b). There are no construction sites with 0 hazards present (CCOHS, 2015a)! Hazards change regularly, equipment changes, number of workers’ present changes, and work process change.
With all the hazards present at the worksite, safety inspections should be a daily ritual.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2015b). Effective workplace inspections. Retrieved from http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/prevention/effectiv.html
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2015a) Accident investigation. Retrieved from http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/investig.html
What is the relationship between employee factors and management factors in accident causation? Why do you think many accidents result in “employee error” as the major cause?
Your response should be at least 200 words in length.
Many employee factors directly relate to management factors in accident causation. For example: Was the employee following the proper safe operating procedures, was the employee experienced in the work being done, have they been properly educated and trained, and was there job stress or pressure to complete tasks under a deadline (CCOHS, 2015b)? In the mangers case, were written procedures available, were procedures communicated to and understood by the employees, were they being enforced, were regular safety inspections carried out (2015b)? If management has a hands-on approach to their own safety procedures employees will take notice. Any effective program must have strong support from people in senior management positions, and these people must also serve as positive role models to employees (As cited by Ruchi, 2012) (p. 149).
In most cases, many accidents result in “employee error” as the major cause. I feel that for the most part employees get the blame because they are the ones that are directly involved with the work being done. Employees and management deal with lots of other factors such as; stress, fatigue, and non-work related influences. In the employees’ defense, he has to deal with all of these factors in a more hazardous environment. Besides, if management was held at fault for accidents, what would they say about their safety procedures (personal accounts, 1999-2016)?
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2015b). Accident investigation. Retrieved from http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/investig.html
Ruchi, Sinha. European Journal of Business and Management www.iiste.org ISSN 2222-1905 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2839 (Online)Vol 4, No.3, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/1458368/Factors_Affecting_Employee_Retention_A_Comparative_Analysis in Reference to Zenger, J., Ulrich, D., & Smallwood, N. (2000, March). The new leadership development: It’s about results for your company. Training & Development, 54 (3), 22-27.
Think of a job common to construction worksites (for example, hanging drywall). List the steps for the job. For one of the steps, describe the potential hazards and suggest some possible control measures.
Your response should be at least 200 words in length.
Installing Roll Fiberglass Insulation:
1. Select the proper insulation for the job (Lowe’s, 2017).
2. Open the packages by cutting lengthwise through the side panel. Be careful to avoid cutting the product or facing. The insulation will quickly expand to its full volume when the bag is opened (2017). When cutting open the packages be mindful of hand placement. Make sure all cutting motions are done in the direction away from the body. Always use extreme caution when using sharp objects (personal accounts, 2000). When installing fiberglass insulation, observe all safety precautions. Fiberglass can release tiny fibers, which can be harmful if breathed into the lungs and which may irritate the skin and eyes (diy network, 2016). The area exposed to fiberglass will become itchy and irritated. Wearing eye protection, work gloves, dust mask, and long sleeve pants and shirts will greatly reduce the hazards of exposure (2000).
3. Measure and cut to fit into wall cavities. Cut the insulation to fit properly (2017).
4. Gently push insulation into the cavity so that it sits all the way and fits snug (2017).
5. With faced insulation make sure the vapor retarder is facing the conditioned interior space (2017).
6. Allow friction to hold the insulation in place. Or you can staple the flanges of faced insulation to the insides or face of the joists (2017).
7. Take care not to stretch the facing too tight as you staple (2017).
Lowe’s. (2017). Install Insulation. Retrieved from https://www.lowes.com/projects/repair-and-maintain/install-insulation/project
Network, diy. (2016). How to install fiberglass insulation. Retrieved from http://www.diynetwork.com/how-to/rooms-and-spaces/walls-and-ceilings/how-to-install-fiberglass-insulation