Theory & Practice

Complete a library search for a peer-reviewed journal article that integrates nursing theory and research.

Present the article and discuss the nursing theory used, as well as the benefits of nursing theory in nursing research.

The theory in the nursing practice is considered both a process and a product (McEwen & Willis, 2019). The activities provide interactions and concepts guiding the nursing practice with applications developing research-based nursing practice. The theory offers nurses with perspectives to view a patient’s situation to identify and focus on important information. The findings allow nurses to implement care in a proactive setting to improve outcomes (McEwen & Willis, 2019).

Discuss the relationship between theory and research in nursing.

Orem’s self-care deficit theory can assist in the identification of the knowledge base of individuals. Orem’s self-care theory is affected by both internal and external factors: social and cultural, developmental stage, health status, healthcare system, family dynamics, gender, age, environmental, and resources (Lee & Park, 2017). Working with elderly patients with uncontrolled hypertension may benefit from lifestyle changes by performing self-care. The counseling on interventions as diet and exercise, empower the patient with hypertension to achieve or improve control (Lee & Park, 2017). The journal concept is the integration of the ability and disposition for a lifestyle change. Factors were compromising beliefs, attitudes, personality traits, and vulnerability (Lee & Park, 2017). The integration of Orem’s self-care is observed in the journal with education and communication, developing the ability to care for themselves in their environment (Lee & Park, 2017).

The healthcare environment is continuously changing to improve patient outcomes. The utilization of Orem’s nursing theory is one that is used very frequently in my practice. The patients with disparities in rural communities usually need additional support from community health areas working to improve uncontrolled hypertension. The communication provided for this group of people with hypertension is to check blood pressure daily and keep a log to take to provider appointments and the importance. The self-care deficit is observed with diet. Working to provide education and using the teach-back method to improve understanding assists the person in regaining control of their lives. Keeping the line of communication to assist in future questions also gives reassurance and support for independence. The individuals helped in the past. Some have succeeded while others chose not to change lifestyles.


Lee, E., & Park, E. (2017). Self-care behavior and related factors in older patients with uncontrolled hypertension. Contemporary Nurse: A Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession, 53(6), 607-621.

McEwen, M., & Willis, E. M. (2019). Theoretical basis for nursing (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health.