Translational Research Graphic Organizer
Course: NUR-550 Translational Research and Population Health Management
|Mapping the emergence and development of translational cancer research||Why the distinction between basic (theoretical) and applied (practical) research is important in the politics of science||Observations (Similarities/Differences)|
|Methodology||Translation research requires the researcher to be directly involved with the variables to ensure the intended outcome is reached (Cambrosio, Keating, & Mercier, 2015). The researcher controls dependent variable during the research process.||Methodologies used in traditional research for data collection included face-to-face focus groups, interviews, surveys (Roll-Hansen, 2013).||Both are complex and hypothesis-oriented researchesIn both research, the researcher designs and actively participate in the research process. Also, in both, the end objective of the research is not directly specified in the beginning and the process results in solving the intended research problem.|
|Goals||Translation research is a highly interdisciplinary field and the goal is primarily to combine the assets of these various disciplines, resources, and expertise into one group to improve the global healthcare system significantly (Cambrosio, Keating, & Mercier, 2015). The results are to promote enhancements in prevention, diagnosis, and therapies in health care.||Traditional research is a systematic process that requires a standard scientific method (Al-Hadithy, 2015). The research is used to improve knowledge by the researchers (Roll-Hansen, 2013).||The difference between translational and traditional research is that fundamentally translational research focuses on improve practice rather than producing knowledge as with traditional research (Al-Hadithy, 2015). Translational research is also requires high demand for personal commitment and involvement unlike in comparison to traditional research.|
|Data Collection||Translation research utilizes standardized questionnaires or interviews are utilized when preforming data collection (Cambrosio, Keating, & Mercier, 2015).||Traditional reserch can use phone interviews, online surveys, and structured questionnaires (Roll-Hansen, 2013). The reserch can have a large sample size and hence demands more time to ensure high quality data is collected. Data management programs are also utilized as randomizing, trending, and predicting instrument, which help the researchers processes and analyze data.||In both methods, the researchers utilized questionnaires and interviews when collecting their data.In translational research, the researchers had freedom of controlling the dependent variables to ensure the desired outcomes were achieved, while in traditional research, the researcher answers the questions that the research aimed to answer.|
Roll-Hansen, N. (2013). “Why the distinction between basic (theoretical) and applied (practical) research is important in the politics of science” (PDF) (Report). The London School of Economics and Political Science.
Cambrosio, A., Keating, P., Mercier, S. (2015). “Mapping the emergence and development of translational cancer research”, European Journal of Cancer, Elsevier Ltd, 42 (28): 3140–3148, doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2006.07.020.
Al-Hadithy, T. (2015). The Traditional Vs. The Modern Translation Classroom: A Need for New Directions in the UAE Undergraduate Translation Programs. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences,192, 180-187. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.026
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