What is a just state?
A just state or Plato’s Just State is a description of how such a state would be organized, who would govern it, and what type of education the children would receive, ect.
Explain the idea that society should be based on virtue by discussing Confucius, Plato, and /or Aristotle
The idea that society should be based on virtue was according to Confucius beliefs. Both Plato and Aristotle were focused on the idea of a just state should cultivate just citizens. They also believed that political oppression on the base of natural differences could be justified.
Explain at least one version of social contract theory
One version of social contract theory is the Natural Rights of Citizens: John Locke
Locke’s concept of natural rights makes the assumption of any individual consulting the law of reason will realize their god given rights of others to life, health, liberty, and property. The state of nature has a law of nature to administer it, which obliges each one; and reason, which is that law, shows all humanity, who will however counsel it, that being all equivalent and autonomous, nobody should hurt another in his life, wellbeing, freedom, or assets and to comprehend political power aright, and get it from its unique, we should think about what home all men are normally in, and this is, a condition of ideal opportunity to arrange their activities, and discard their assets and people as they think fit, inside the limits of the law of Nature, without asking leave or relying on the desire of some other man.
Illustrate your understanding of the classical and social contract approaches to justice with illustrative examples from contemporary political life.
Social Contract is an understanding among other individuals or state characterizing the rights and obligations of each gathering. Classical contract were an agreement to form societies. Within the social contract everything is based off the present and everything that’s taking place at that moment while in classical contract Justice will be accomplished when individuals do what their temperament and status in life call them to do. Their legitimacy figures out what benefits they get and what loads they bear. Since what is important most is a very much arranged society, people must do what society decides is best for them to do.