International Organizational Behavior Cultural Differences in Job Satisfaction and Motivation

Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Theory

Geert Hofstede, a Dutch Social Psychologist and previous IBM representative, created his unique model: “Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Theory”, by directing an overall study of worker values and applying element dissection to analyze the results. The result was one of the first quantifiable speculations on the effect of contrasts between societies in worker work fulfillment. The examination looks at the employment fulfillment crosswise over nations and the components which have affect in every nation (Hofstede, Geert 2001).

Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory is a schema for culturally diverse correspondence, created by Geert Hofstede. It depicts the impacts of a general public’s society on the estimations of its parts, and how these qualities identify with conduct, utilizing a structure determined from element investigation. The hypothesis has been generally utilized within a few fields as a standard for exploration, especially in multifaceted brain science, universal administration, and diverse correspondence.

Through his fluctuated and various scholarly and social exercises in numerous diverse nations, Hofstede might be viewed as one of the heading agents of intercultural exploration and studies. The discoveries of his examination and his hypothetical plans are utilized worldwide within both brain research and administration studies (Hofstede, Geert 2001).

He is perceived globally for having created the first observational model of “measurements” of national society, accordingly creating another standard for making note of social components in global money matters, correspondence and collaboration. Later, he likewise created a model for authoritative societies (Hofstede, Geert 2001).

To have a profound seeing on this study, let us analyze the aftereffects of three nations in his examination. The nations of decision are USA, a created and financial super power, China, a quickly creating Asian nation and Russia, a traditionalist country with guaranteeing potential.

The following table gives the ratings from Hofstede’s research:

Country Power Distance Individualism Masculinity Uncertainty Avoidance Pragmatism Indulgence
USA 40 (avg) 91 (V high) 62 (high) 46 (avg) 26 ( v low) 68 (high)
China 80(V high) 20 ( v low) 66 (high) 30(low) 87 (V high) 24 ( v low)
Russia 93(V high) 39 (low) 36 (low) 95 (V high) 81(V high) 20 ( v low)

Michael Minkov (2010), Source:

Comparisons of Countries:

USA, being one of the most seasoned popular governments the force separation is normal while it high in China, a comrade nation and Russia which is a socialist turned Democracy. In Russia, the individuals accept that the force is focused just among a not very many individuals and is not open to the ordinary citizens. Independence is high in USA and low in the other two nations. Socially Asian nations are group in intuition while West is Individualistic. Both USA and China are Masculine while Russia is Feminine. This is the motivation behind why USA and China are very focused in all angles right from Olympics to economy while Russians concentrate on Quality of life. For comparable reasons Russians maintain a strategic distance from instability to more elevated amount while USA and China are tolerant to vulnerability to a respectable degree. The Asian nations which have rich society, and high investment funds rate are high in Pragmatism while USA positions low as its kinsmen revel in the minute as opposed to sparing it for an unverifiable future. USA is a limitation nation while China and Russia are liberal nations.

Job Work Satisfaction in the Countries:

Job Work Satisfaction will be high in USA than China and Russia, majorly because of low Power Distance. While the low liberality score of China and Russia help in keeping the employment fulfillment levels at a significantly better place.

Important Motivational Theories:

USA: Immediate Monetary Rewards. Separation and acclaim for better execution.

Russia: Promotions. Worker Stock Options. Pay trek in settled part (Since Uncertainty shirking is high).

China: Promotions. Worker Stock Options. Compensation climbs in variable part.


Hofstede, Geert (2001). Culture’s Consequences comparing values, behaviors, & organizations” 2nd edition

Geert Hofstede’s Educational/ Personal Website

Michael Minkov (2010), “Cultures and Organizations, Software of the Mind” as published in the 3rd and latest edition of pages 255-258.

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