The Differences between the Types of Evidences

The Differences between the Types of Evidences

The strength of a type of evidence depends on the one which provides direct proof of the truth of an assertion. In law, rules of evidence determine the type of evidence that is available in the legal proceeding (Fitzmaurice, 2017). Direct and circumstantial evidence seem to be related as they are both used at a trial. Direct evidence is based on a witness’s personal knowledge of a fact. It has traditionally been described as eye witness testimony. Direct evidence can be in the form of photographs, videos and audios. Circumstantial evidence is the existence or non-existence; it is not direct observation of a fact that is in dispute. It is a collection of facts that can bring to a conclusion something unknown. Testimonial evidence is a written or oral statement given to the courts that proves the truth of what is being said. The attorney establishes a presentation that will be used in an opening statement based on testimonial evidence. However, there are times when testimonial evidence is not admissible when used in a court of law. On the other hand, physical evidence involves evidences found at the scene of crime. Direct evidence is considered the best in a case involving a crime scene because it supports the truth of an assertion directly without need for additional evidence (Ogle, 2007).


Fitzmaurice, G. G. (2017). Some problems regarding the formal sources of international law. In Sources of international law (pp. 57-80). Routledge.

Ogle, R. R. (2007). Crime scene investigation and reconstruction: with guidelines for crime scene search and physical evidence collection. Pearson Prentice Hall.

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