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Part 1



Many people have lost their life in various occasions due to the fact that very few people are able to respond to the urgent accidents that happen to either save their lives or stop a deteriorating situation. First aid is the emergency response that you give to a medic-needed situation before proper healthcare can be offered. This very important since it stabilizes a situation that was out of hand and in order to do this, scientific health measures are needed to save the day (Cyr, Dawna, Johnson & Steven, 2006).

The scenario happens when my brother cut his thigh with a powersaw as we were cutting some firewood logs in to smaller sections so that we could chip them further using an axe. We were just the two of us and it was a scenario where I had to act promptly so as to stop his bleeding. The gash was so deep and the bleed was profuse.


In their ideal knowledge, Benjamin, Gulli, Thygerson & Alton, (2005), are of the opinion that an emergency control of blood especially from a traumatic injury and hence such a case calls for identification of the type of bleeding as well as the type of wound. We have a number of different wounds such as incision caused mostly through slicing with such tools such as knives type of wound other type of wound is the laceration which is more of a tear than a slice. This is may be caused by claws from a bear or a carnivore. A serrated object may also cause a laceration such as a serrated-knife.

Others are such as a puncture which involves a sharp object penetrating the tissues and mostly causes internal bleeding since the internal organs are mostly affected. For example a wound from a bullet wound. Sometimes wounds are cause through scratch or scraping and they are usually superficial in most cases and they are called abrasions. Other types include avulsion wounds, contusion and amputation wounds (Simpson et al. 2012). DATA COLLECTION

After using that prior knowledge, I assessed the wound and discovered that it was more of a laceration since it was caused by a serrated object, that is, a chainsaw. There was a lot of bleeding and a lot of tissue had been torn.


According to Benjamin et al. (2005), the wound was as a result of a serration and hence it was a laceration and it needed emergency response. The first response was to look for a piece of cloth and apply pressure on the wound with it. The scientific essence of this was to make sure that the blood flow is stemmed through constriction of the blood vessels. Then I rushed to the kitchen and came with some alcohol and poured on the wound so as to sterilize the wound from infections. Then I took a clean cloth and tightly tied the wound to reduce further bleeding and then rushed him to the hospital. The simple process scientific as it ensures that bleeding is stopped and the level of infection is reduced (Cyr et al. 2006). CONCLUSION

The scientific method is effective in ensuring that a patient does not lose blood during an emergency and that science can be used for the good of controlling a bleeding as well as sterilizing a wound from infestation by microbes.

Part 2



There have been regular experiences of water shortage in the house. This has become a serious problem since the water keeps on getting lost suddenly hence inconveniencing the chores of the house. This has led to potential health threats in the house.


After extensive research on the problem at hand I found out that there are a number of problems that may have caused this situation and this could include a clog in the piping system. This a probable cause whereby solids from the reservoir may have had collected in the pipes hence preventing the passage of water to the house pipes (Molden, 2007).

The other probability may be due to the freezing of the water in the pipes due to the adverse cold temperatures in winter. Water may have got frozen in the taps hence blocking the flow of the liquid water and making the access to water difficult (Walmsly, & Pearce, 2010).

In his opinion, Molden (2007) suggests that another probable cause may be due to the drop in water pressures hence leading to very little water getting access to the house pipes. This may have been caused by the low water levels at the dams and rivers as a result of winter. It is thus a very most probable cause of the sudden water supply stoppage in the house.


After actually conducting my physical check of the piping system in the house, I found out that the pipes were not clogged and even if there was some clogging of the water in the piping, it was not enough to stop the flow of water through the pipe. Hence the data collected was that the cause was as a result of water pressures from the nearby dam that supplied water to our part of the neighborhood using gravity. After consulting with the water supply management in the facility, they made it known to me that the water pressure level had dropped at least by half (Molden, 2007).


Hence the problem has been ideally identified and hence the need to come up with a strategy to solve the problem. The first thing was to try and get the main cause of this problem and I discovered that it was the drop in pressure level in the piping system and partial freezing of water in the pipes. This was due to the fact that most of the rivers and the dam supplying piped water to the neighborhood had frozen partially. Very little water could flow through and when the water got to the house pipes since some of it froze (Molden, 2007).


This is a very major problem that will keep on appearing from time to time when winter approaches and hence I came up with a scientific method to solve it once and for all. When it comes to the freezing of water in the pipes hence causing clogs, this can be rectified by setting up a water heating system at the family water storage tank since water is first collected there before being redistributed to the whole house. This will warm the water and hence none of it will freeze by the time it gets to the house. Hence this acts as a scientific method to regulate the water temperature (Walmsly & Pearce, 2010).

When it comes to the water pressure problem, this one has to be solved through installation of a water booster. The water booster is fixed at the main water supply pipe whereby it can boost the water pressure so that enough water can get to the tank effectively. On the other hand, I had discovered that the water storage tanks were place a bit lower than expected. The main solution here as an alternative would be to raise the tanks up to about four meters above the ground hence creating an ideal difference in pressure and utilizing gravity at the same time (Walmsly & Pearce, 2010).


The problem solution approaches are ideal and relatively cost friendly and they form a permanent solution to the water shortage in the house. In case there is winter, we will be using the water booster and the water heating system that can be regulated at will but in case there is summer, the flow of water will be okay and the high level placement of the tanks will suffice in ensuring that enough water get to the house taps.


Simpson, E; Lin, Y; Stanworth, S; Birchall, J; Doree, C & Hyde, C., (2012). Cochrane database of systematic reviews

Benjamin, Gulli, Thygerson & Alton L. (2005). First aid

Cyr, Dawna L; Johnson & Steven B., ( 2006). Basic First Aid.

Walmsly, N., & Pearce, G. (2010). Towards Sustainable Water Resources Management

Molden, D., (2007). A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture.

Grafton, Q. R., & Hussey, K. (2011). Water Resources Planning and Management.

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