Immigration can be described as the act of moving from one country or state to another with the aim of remaining there as a permanent resident. In the United States, the tenor a new presidency and administration seems to be making the states a more immigration restricted zone. This is due to restriction on refugee settlement, legal immigration and introduction of policies enforcing immigration restrictions (Consterdine, 2017). This will in turn impose heavy fiscal related costs on the taxpayers as well as threatening the stay of immigrants, their community and families. Furthermore, the introduction of deportation and detention laws has become more strict and enforceable than before. Most recently, more immigrants from the Mexican community have been returning to their home country compared to the number that is moving to the USA.
The immigration policy is a very controversial issue since it has both its pros and cons with the supporters from either side weighing heavily on their opinion. It has become mainly an issue of considering the welfare of the immigrants versus that of the citizens of the host country. One of the advantages of immigration is the reduced cost of labor to employers (Skinner, 2006). This is because most immigrants go to foreign countries to seek employment and once the labor-force increases, the cost of labor decreases. Additionally, workforce diversity leads to positive interactions and exchange of culture. On the other hand, immigration can lead to employee resistance from the current employees of the host nation. Furthermore, immigration can sabotage the security of a country as terrorists may take advantage of the hospitality to plan and execute attacks.
Recently, USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) announced that beginning 2018, immigrants who will get approval from the United States government will be allowed to begin working in the country henceforth. This was a program designed to enable companies which are based in the United States to employ immigrants on a temporary basis in fields such as information technology, science and engineering. This affects the citizens directly as the job opportunities will be limited. Consequently, it will be a little more difficult to secure employment due to the fact that a section of those jobs will already be secured for foreign workers (Consterdine, 2017).
Consterdine, E. (2017). A Framework of Understanding Immigration Policy. Labor’s Immigration Policy, 21-52
Meyers, E. (2014). A Theory of Immigration Policy. International Immigration Policy, 5-26
Skinner, C. D. (2006). Illegal Immigration Across The U.S- Mexico Border.
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