Impacts of Stress on Immunity Experiment

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Impacts of Stress on Immunity Experiment

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Impacts of Stress on Immunity Experiment

The concept and impacts of stress are considered to affect the level of interaction among human being and roles in society. The psychological development is regarded as essential for survival among people and the impact of fighting a disastrous invasion of the body. Stresses are considered to comprise different components based on effects on the body systems. However, the prolonged effect on the body is determined by influence on activities and interaction of events (Denzin, 2017). Short-term levels of stress are considered to be protective to immune systems in effect to deal with organisms of immune systems. The paper will discuss and evaluate methods of developing stage management of stress experiment, mechanisms of manipulating independent, treatment of appropriate hypothesis, approaches of treating extraneous influence, and methods of measuring dependent variables. The illustration and experiment focuses on adults suffering from chronic diseases such as cancer, arthritis, cystic fibrosis and asthma.

The immunity of the body is regarded as the response of the body to biological systems. The aim is to enhance the survival rate among people and impact on overall protection. Different body systems and mechanisms are harnessed to ensure proper functionality of the body (Berger et al., 2017). Therefore, immune activation is developed on a primary and secondary method to enhance the response of the body systems.

The Methods of Developing Stage Experiment

The stages involve the use of scientific method and approaches to learning the impact of stress among the patient suffering from chronic disease. The stages aim to acquire and gain an understanding of importance on immunity systems and recovery period of the patients. Therefore, providing the platform to develop a rational hypothesis and testing mechanism of the experiment as required. Thus, the initial stage involves understanding the purpose of the research and rationale of the analysis (Croce & D’Agati, 2016). Developing the hypothesis is essential in achieving the aims and objectives of the study and strategies to experiment. As a result, the research entails research of stress on immunity systems among chronic patients (Denzin, 2017). The directions of the study involve conducting field research and comparing the secondary source to determine provided information. The role of hypothesis determines the expected outcome of the entire experiment concerning expected predictions (Berger et al., 2017). The hypothesis is used to determine the variables of the research and influence on the overall outcome.

Experiment determination is an essential stage in ensuring the success of the experiment on stress and impacts on immunity. Independent and dependent variables determine these as it controls the role of variables to use in the test (Mertler & Reinhart, 2016). The aim is to assess the impact of stress on immunity and recovery durations among patients. Therefore, the approaches take consideration of developing different experiment among the patients. Nevertheless, data recording and analysis is essential for supporting the outcome of the investigation and refuting the provisions of hypothesis.

Mechanisms of Manipulating Independent Variables

Manipulation of the variable is determined by understanding the role of the population and the impact of stress on immunity. These involve different understanding groups of participants exposed to stress. The expressive purpose is to determine the health status of the population influenced by traumatic conditions associated with stress. The descriptive information relates to details and data provided by patients in understanding the requirements of the patients (Denzin, 2017). The aim is to determine the influence of stress and impact on the management of immunity systems among the patient.

The process of manipulating the variables involves the understanding of the researcher on the subject matters. Therefore, include a comparison of different patients suffering from chronic diseases and condition and related differences (O’Dor & Williams, 2018). Thus, it incorporates the process of comparing the health status of the patients and recorded treatment at a specified period.

Treatment of Appropriate Hypothesis

The hypothesis of this assignment is to determine if stress affects immunity.The aim and rationale of hypothesis treatment are determined by various specification and details determined by clinical trials. Problems and factors influencing treatment notion of stress and management are recognized in the entire experiment (Mertler & Reinhart, 2016). Therefore, the null hypothesis of the analysis ought to be determined by the correspondence of immune systems and recovery period among chronic patients. However, an alternative hypothesis of the experiment contributes to the nullification of the determined theory of the test.

The process involves the application on the rationale of treatment and management of stress among the patients. The aim is to understand the assumptions of treatment and systems of boosting immunity through rational stress management approaches (Croce & D’Agati, 2016). Non -validated models and strategies of stress management among patient leads to the superiority of treatment among the patients. However, the implications of the hypothesis are influenced by the sample size, significance in relation to efficacy, and comparative efficiency of the designs used in accomplishing the experiment (Denzin, 2017). The strategies and approaches are essential in determining the framework of research and data provided and collected from the patients.

Approaches to Treating Extraneous Influence

Extraneous variables are factors with the ability to intentionally influence the direction and particular outcome of the experiment. Controlling of the impacts and influence of external variable determines the success of the entire operation. Therefore, the procedures involve discussing with patients on the effects of stress on immunity systems (Croce & D’Agati, 2016). Patients and related families should understand the functioning of the body and the influence of immunity to determine the recovery period. The aim is to follow different responses to medical treatment and required support by medical practitioners.

Demand and characteristics of the environment provided for the experiment and research are essential to the success of the process. By doing so, participants can understand the impact of stress on immunity through the information provided by the research personnel. These determined by the attention of the population and behavior involved during the process (Denzin, 2017). Some of the features and environmental condition for the experiment ought to be provided in the process. Strategy and approach to creating room for maximum collection of information and data as required.

The investigation process and approaches should create room for rational response by the patients. Therefore, the research in all manner and mechanisms used ought to remain independent and less influenced by prior understanding or information (Chuang, 2019). Thus, the fundamental variable entails communicating and understanding the health status of chronic patients. Different characteristics of stress should be provided to determine the accomplishment of the desired experiment and tasks. As a result, the environment needs to be conducive and favorable to the patient and researchers (Mertler & Reinhart, 2016). These include controlled levels of noise, the temperature under which experiment is conducted, and lighting systems.

Approaches of Measuring Dependent Variables

According to Cleophas & Zwinderman, (2017), the process of measuring the variable of the experiment is determined by scientific analysis of data and different observation. Identification of the variable in the experiment is essential in understanding the impact of stress on immunity systems and recovery period of patients. Therefore, the procedures involve procedures determined lab analysis and report among the groups under study (Mertler & Reinhart, 2016). The nature of the data collected influences the levels of manipulating results. The aim is to evaluate the impacts of stress among patient and immunity systems. By doing so, it mitigates internal validity of information as required and expected in the experiment.

The independent variable of the experiment is the impact of stress on immunity systems among people, especially chronic patients. The nature and state of information collected are determined by the process and procedures of collecting relevant data. The changes in information and patient data will be used to accomplish and evaluate the outcome of the experiment. Different details and results of the experiment are used to determine the success of the research (Mertler & Reinhart, 2016). Quantitative operational of the experiment is to determine the impacts of stress on the patient, impact on immunity systems, and the role of stress on the patient recovery period.

Conclusion

Changes in immune systems and body response are determined by the changes in the cells and respective functions. Some of the cells involved include lymphocyte trafficking, neutrophil, maturation cells in human being, and dendritic cells. However, the increased levels of stress are blamed for weak immunity system and recovery period of the patient. Most of the patients suffering from chronic diseases and condition are profoundly affected by stress.

In most cases, the incidences are reported due to lack of poor stress management systems and approaches. As a result, most of the patients are suffering from suppressed immunity systems hindering the effective process of recovery. The effect is translated poor health and irrational functions of the body as required. Proper stress management is regarded as good health and improved methods to promote the healing process. Thus, methods and structures to determine immunity systems and responses among the patient are required.

References

Berger, M. L., Sox, H., Willke, R. J., Brixner, D. L., Eichler, H. G., Goettsch, W., … & Wang, S. V. (2017). Good practices for real‐world data studies of treatment and/or comparative effectiveness: recommendations from the joint ISPOR‐ISPE Special Task Force on real‐world evidence in health care decision making. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety26(9), 1033-1039.

Chuang, J. Y. (2019). Hypothesis for mechanism of sex differences in depression. Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry33(1), 53.

Cleophas, T. J., & Zwinderman, A. H. (2017). Meta-analysis with Heterogeneity as Null-Hypothesis. In Modern Meta-Analysis (pp. 269-277). Springer, Cham.

Croce, M., & D’Agati, M. (2016). Gambling and substance use disorders: epidemiology, diagnostic hypothesis and treatment. Gambling and Internet addictions-epidemiology and treatment, 7.

Denzin, N. K. (2017). The research act: A theoretical introduction to sociological methods. Routledge.

Mertler, C. A., & Reinhart, R. V. (2016). Advanced and multivariate statistical methods: Practical application and interpretation. Routledge.

O’Dor, S., & Williams, K. (2018). 23 PANDAS and PANS: An Inflammatory Hypothesis for Neuropsychiatric Disorder. Pediatric Neuropsychiatry: A Case-Based Approach, 245.




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