Physical Development and Milestones in Motor Development

Physical Development and Milestones in Motor Development

PSY104: Child and Adolescent Development (PTG1908A)

Physical Development and Milestones in Motor Development

As infants develop, parents tensely search for their children to roll over, stand, and walk. Afterward, pediatricians will ask some information about catching a ball, utilizing eating utensils, and controlling a pencil. These regularizing achievements are critical in the examination and comprehension of motor advancement (body development). Physical developments are classified as either gross motor skills or fine motor skills. Gross motor skills include vast developments of the head, torso, arms, and legs, while fine motor skills include progressively precise skill of the hands and fingers, typically coordinating with vision. Like physical development in general, motor conduct shifts as a component of experience, similar to chances to play with squares or take an interest in school sports (Mossler, 2014). This paper will reflect on children from infants as the grow older and the milestones along with activities that they partake in during their motor development.

As infants are between the ages 0 to 6 months, they are not prone to doing much movement other than the normal arm leg and head movements. As the child reaches the age of 6 to 12 months, this is when the child begins to obtain posture. During this stage some of the milestones that the infants will begin are things such hold their heads up, sit without help, stand while clutching an individual’s hand, pull themselves up to a standing position, stand-alone by themselves, and start to walk with support of an object or a person (Mossler, 2014). The connection between postural control and fine motor skills is the essential focal point when clinicians are working on the motor skills of infant children. This standard proposes that motor advancement at first happens proximally (i.e., in the head and trunk) and from there on advances outwardly toward the distal pieces of the body (i.e., the hands and feet). Postural control, the capacity to keep up the middle weight or a body part over a steady or moving base of support, is a case of a proximal motor functions (Wang, Howe, Hinojosa & Weinberg, 2011). This activity will prepare the infant for the toddler stage in which the toddler will need balance and posture to walk and run, along with other activities that will need balance and posture

As infants become toddlers, they begin to develop more from both a physical and cognitive perspective. They begin to explore more due to their imagination and their need to explore more things. One of the biggest activities that toddlers begin to do in the 12 to 24 month stage is playing with blocks. By playing with blocks, one milestone that the toddlers will begin at this stage is utilizing their critical thinking skills. They do this by figuring out what they want to build. Additionally, by figuring what squares they need to place where so as to make the structure taller and more extensive. Another achievement that is used is self-expression. This is on the grounds that when the babies work with squares they can investigate, express themselves and utilize the squares to make little words that they have learned. Social and emotional development is additionally another milestone that is at this stage. Squares help toddlers figure out how to take turns and share materials, grow new friendships, become independent, increase the capacity to focus, collaborate with others, and create confidence. Regardless of whether it is accepted or not, playing with squares help babies to create in all territories. Block play requires both fine and gross motor skills. Block play upgrade kids’ critical thinking capacities, mathematics abilities, and language and education capacities. Additionally, assembling “creations” builds confidence and feelings of achievement (Derrhy, 2015).

In conclusion, Gross motor skills are critical for youthful youngsters, and each milestone that is reached helps the infant or toddler to reach more milestones. Reaching both fine and gross motor sills helps infants and toddlers to continue developing more and more. These motor abilities give children freedom and enable kids to communicate easily with others on the play area, or classroom. Gross motor skills are those required to move the vast muscles of the body, including the arms, legs, feet, and middle. At the point when a kid is alright with his or her gross engine aptitudes, the person in question can move easily. Gross motor awareness skills additionally identify with supported balance, monitoring the space the body occupies and having a comprehension of the left half and right half of one’s body.


Mossler, R. A. (2014). Child and adolescent development (2nd ed). Retrieved from

Derrhy, K. (2015, March). National Association for the Education of Young Children. Ten Things Children Learn from Block Play. Retrieved from

Wang, T.-N., Howe, T.-H., Hinojosa, J., & Weinberg, S. L. (2011). Relationship Between Postural Control and Fine Motor Skills in Preterm Infants at 6 and 12 Months Adjusted Age. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65(6), 695–701.

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