Sex discrimination refers to favoring one gender either the man or the woman. It involves treating either of the genders unequally or looking down upon one gender. Sex discrimination in employment sectors involves treating someone unfavorably or differently because of the person’s sex or gender either when applying for a job or currently working at the work place or being fired due to sex discrimination. Sex discrimination arises from the issue of gender whereby gender is socially constructed in the society or what the society perceives one to be. Sex discrimination is predominantly in women due to the stereotypes that the society hold and what they perceive about women. Despite the fact that women have raised their voices and made it clear that they are capable of performing with the same skill and success in every activity performed by men, the issue of gender discrimination still holds some back.
Federal law refers to the body of law created by a federal government of a given country. According to the federal law, there is a law refers to as the Title VII which covers all private employers, state and local governments, and educational institutions that employ 15 or more individuals. These laws also cover private and public employment agencies, labor organizations, and joint labor management committees controlling apprenticeship and training. It also investigates the charges of job discrimination and ensures that all employees are treated equally and according to the job ethics whether a woman or a man. According to the case study, these laws were violated because there was sex discrimination in the promotion of job between Ouelette and Chadwick. There was an unlawful employment practice in the consideration of the promotion between the two competitors, hence the federal law was violated.
The federal law was violated because the promotion was not awarded according to the performance of the competitors in the interview as it is supposed to be but rather the promotion was made based on other considerations. These considerations were not in accordance to the employment ethics and the lawful practices to be considered in such employment practices. Chadwick hoped to be the first runners and qualify for the promotion because she had higher points of 4.40 out of 5.00 than Ouelette who scored 3.84 out of 5.00 in the recent performance. These shows how the federal laws were violated. The violation occurred due to sex discrimination in the awarding of the promotion where there were sex stereotypes considered. Chadwick was denied the opportunity not because she was not competent but because she had four children to take care of, she was going to school and that she had a lot in her plate. With the assumption that she would neglect her job to take care of the children responsibilities and also to dedicate time for her schooling. Hence the federal law was violated through sex discrimination.
The decision taken on awarding the promotion was not right because the decision was based on certain stereotype. That women who are mothers especially of young kids perform poorly at work or neglect their jobs because of their presumed childcare responsibilities. This assumption is not true and I disagree with it because women can always work best and effectively even with children by paying the required attention to both the job and the children through organizing themselves. It is all about managing their time properly and balancing their daily activities. Nanci Miller who was the ultimate decision maker needs training and development to avoid risk in future of unlawful employment practices so that she would never make such a decision based on stereotypes in the society.
In conclusion, training and development programs aim at creating an awareness and making the employee and the employers conversant with the lawful practices of employment. This programs aim at avoiding and preventing such practices as sex discrimination in employment. The training and development programs emphasize the federal laws and teach the employers and leaders about the federal laws. The defendant company needs leadership training and development which will help them develop good skills in decision making and also be wise and careful in making any decision. This will help them avoid the issue of making decisions based on stereotypes in the society but rather follow the right ethical issues.
Dale, C. V. (2005). Sexual Harassment and Violence Against Women: Developments in Federal Law. Nova Publishers.
Lawrence Solotoff, H. S. (2016). Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment in the Work Place. Law Journal Press.
Wolfson, B. A., & Palumbo, C. M. (2010). The Law of Sex Discrimination. Cengage Learning.
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