SS211 Unit 4 Assignment: CIVIL RIGHT MOVEMENT


The 1950 and 1960 were the time of the Civil Right Movement. The Voting Rights Act; Edward Brook, the first African American elected senator; Thurgood Marshall confirmed to be the first U.S. Supreme Court African American; Shirley Chisholm became the first African American elected to Congress, those are a few results directly derived from the Civil Right Movement. However, there are four major events happened during that time helped holding the pressure to the government of that time making the Civil Right Movement a success. They are the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott, the 1963 March on Washington, the 1968 Martin Luther King, Jr. assassination, and the 1968 Fair Housing Act.

The height of the Civil Right Movement happened in most of the 1960’s. However, many history researchers believed that Rosa Parks was the pivotal factor that led to the famous 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955 Montgomery Bus BoycottThis event came to life following the arrest of Rosa Parks who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white person. Martin Luther King Jr. purposed and organized a city wide boycott which lasted for 381 days. On November 14, 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that segregated seating was unconstitutional (Montgomery Bus Boycott, 2019) 1963 March On Washingtion“I Have a Dream” speech was born during this year at the March on Washington. (2019) states there were more than 200,000 people, black and white, joined this peaceful march. This march was giving credit to the passing Act of the Civil Rights. Most people thought that MLK was the sole planner who made this march possible, they do not know that the idea came from A. Philip Randolph, a labor organizer and founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and the Negro American Labor Council (NALC) more than 20 years ago (March On Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 2017). -67754597790
2779395-6051551968 MLK Jr. AssassinationOn April 4, 1968, just a little more than 3 years after the former Nation of Islam leader and Organization of Afro-American Unity found Malcom X was assassinated at a rally, Martin Luther King, Jr. was also assassinated on his hotel room’s balcony. It happened just hours after he had given the “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” speech at Mephis, TN to help striking Sanitation woker (Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., 2017). 1968 Fair Housing ActThis act was passed by Congress in 1969 and was the direct result of the 1965 Chicago Freedom Movement, also known as the Chicago Open Housing Movement, formed to target segregated housing, educational deficiencies, and employment and health disparities based on racism. On August 5, 1966 King led a march in a white neighborhood and was met with violence. Chicago Mayor Richard Daley announced to


Montgomery Bus Boycott. (2019, May 30). Retrieved July 1, 2019, from (2009, October 27). Civil Rights Movement. Retrieved July 1, 2019, from

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (U.S. National Park Service). (2017, August 10). Retrieved July 2, 2019, from

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (U.S. National Park Service). (2017, September 14). Retrieved July 2, 2019, from

Bond-Nelms, C. (2018, February 09). Key Events During the Civil Rights Movement. Retrieved July 2, 2019, from