(5 points each)
1. What was the problem with Palestine after the First World War?
Palestine was part of the Ottoman Empire, which was then in the Central Powers during World War 1. After the First World War, Britain had made a deal with a Russian Jew called a Zionst that said that the new National Home for the Jewish people would be established in Palestine. Britain agreed to this after Jewish bankers had negotiated to fund the British in the war in favorable terms. In result the Balfour Declaration was created.
2. What organization proposed the division of Palestine into two independent states?
After WW1, Britain was told by the League of Nations (the intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the end of the First World War), that they could rule Palestine, until Palestine could have self government. During this time Britain let in Russian and European Jews on strict conditions. Just when Palestine was showing signs of becoming self-goverened, World War 2 began. After the tragic war, Britain handed the situation over to the United Nations, and they were the ones that finally decided to cut Palestine into two.
3. What did the Israelis use to force the maintenance of their territory?
Israeli authorities constructed a big wall and fences in the West Bank moreover on the Palestenian side, therefore forcingly creating more land for them which broke international law.
4. What year were the Israel-PLO Oslo Accords signed?
The Isreael-PLO Olso Accords were signed at the White House on September 13, 1993.
5. Who was Yasser Arafat?
Yasser Arfat was a Palestinian leader, he was Chairman and a President of two diffrent organizations, and leader of the Fatah political party he founded in 1959. Yasser was a constant force in big negotiations between the PLO and Isreal. Although critized by his rivals and some Islamists, Yasser recived the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994. At age 75, Yasser got sick fell into a coma, and died on November 11th, 2004. Many speculate that someone might have resposible for Yassars death, but researched showed no such thing had happened.
6. What is the Palestinian Authority?
Also called the Palestinian National Authority, the PA or PNA, is the interim self-government body established to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank after the Olso Accords in 1993
7. Who is Benjamin Netanyahu?
Benjamin Netanyaho is the 9th Prime Minister of Isreal. He very much involved in the Israel Defense Forces and fought in many missions and in some wars. Before he was involved in politics, Netanyahu was in the army, then went to MIT, graduated, and worked as an economic consultant. He came back to Isreal in 1978 and later on became the Isreali ambassador to the United Nations from 1984 to 1988.
8. Who was the Prime Minister of Israel when the Israel-PLO Oslo Accords were signed?
Yitzhak Rabin was the Prime Minister of Israel in 1993.
9. What is meant by a “two-state” solution to the Palestine-Israeli conflict?
The “two-state” solution to the Palestine-Israeli conflict implies that an independent Palestinian state would be created alongsdie the existing state of Israel.
10. What is the United State’s stance on a solution to the Palestine-Israeli conflict?
The U.S. belives that the two state solution would help end the Palestine-Israeli conflict.