Crime Causation and Diversion Paper


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Diversion is a word that is used to redirect someone’s attention to something else and in the juvenile justice system it serves the same purpose, but it redirects the juveniles away from the court system. However, the juveniles are always accounted for their actions because by law when a crime is committed you must pay for what you did in some kind of way. The goal for these diversion programs all over the world is to remove these individuals from the juvenile justice process as early as they can to avoid any problems that may occur. Some problems that can occur when the juveniles are in the system to long is recidivism which is the odds to be a reoffender and the cost for the time being processed. The diversion has different types of strategies that they provide, like some very simple release type programs to programs that needs major treatment and even checking in with the court.

The two programs I found in the state of Arizona are: Juvenile Intervention and Prevention Program (JIPP) and Southwest Key Program. Juvenile Intervention and Prevention Program (JIPP) can help to reduce juvenile crime because it serves as an alternative to suspension and aims to help at-risk Junior High and High School aged students experience success in school, at home, and in the community (2018). Southwest Key Program can help to reduce juvenile crime because it is based on the core principle that positive change can happen though therapeutic, educational and community-based programs (2018). Southwest key program helps as an alternative for juveniles involved in the court system by being able to help them stay home with their family and get involved in doing things for the community.

In the Juvenile Intervention and Prevention Program the goal is to help juveniles who live in gang affiliated neighborhoods to have a successful experience in their home, school and community. The goal for Southwest Key Program is to help these troubled individuals be successful rather is now, today or tomorrow. Finding out what’s exactly wrong with these kids can be tough because they all have a story with different experiences in their lives but both of these programs objective is to turn a life or lives around because of their dedication in helping. This program also helps immigrant children and I say this because a juvenile can be any race or nationality if they commit a crime below the age of eighteen.

Counseling is provided for the juveniles along with other things but it’s counseling that is given when these juveniles become involved in gangs. Part of these programs they use counseling to address gang violence and they teach them why it’s wrong to be a part of that type of life and what can happen if they keep going down that bad path. Gangs are all over our world and individuals usually gets involved at a young age because of many different reasons but sometimes these individuals try to get out of a gang and from what is said the only way out is being dead. Sometimes as a counselor you have to be brutally honest and by being brutally honest they inform these juveniles that their life can be taken or someone close to them life can be taken and for some reality kicks in to help them realize that it’s not all worth it at the end of the day.

The law enforcement in the JIPP tries to reduce resistance to psychological and change the way a person behaves, they also tend to see the positive behaviors out of the juveniles by making them participate in a physical training program. Southwest key program doesn’t state what law enforcement do in this program, but it is assumed that there is some type of security on daily duty just in case a situation happens. Not everyone who goes through these programs have successful stories. It’s not because of the program either, it’s the individual and sometimes these individuals do not want to change no matter how much help is provided and when attending these programs some do not like authority (being told what to do) so there has to be some type of law enforcer like security to make sure everything is good that way its intended.

The key participates are the juveniles staff and volunteers, these programs exist to help these young boys and girls with the problems they have. Being a juvenile means you are younger than 18 years old and sometimes the younger they are there assumed to not know exactly what they are doing. However, some do know what they are doing, and they will just deal with the consequences. The staff in these programs provide the knowledge and sometimes the experience of being a juvenile criminal. Because of their experience kindness and caring for others, they give each individual hope for a change of a turn around and better life. Volunteers like to be helpers and sometimes want to be helped. Volunteers also become mentors to some of these juveniles and being a mentor is a big deal because some of these kids do not have families and having a mentor is the next best thing to family.

Each program provides services with lessons in all aspects of life from respect which is very important to have, fairness, caring etc. These juveniles don’t just get treated to not do crime but to be successful in school, at home and in the job world. They also help the mentally ill because some of these juveniles have mental behavior. There are different things and different ways that a person can become mentally ill and when it comes to these juveniles and other this will not be overlooked.

Juvenile Intervention and Prevention Program and Southwest Key Program are both great programs that the state of Arizona provides. The both give juveniles chances to make a difference and do better with their lives. They also both have had accomplishments in enrollment and evaluation score for certain individuals. Southwest key program is more effective at reducing juvenile crime because this program seems to be more known and popular and have more of a therapeutic vibe. Southwest also help with what other program challenge with like alcohol and drug, family conflict, truancy, mental health concerns, disciplinary problems at school and alternatives to detention and incarceration. These are just bonuses of what this program can do not just for juveniles but for others as well.


(2018). Juvenile Intervention and Prevention Program (JIPP)., Arizona health matters

(2018). Youth justice., Southwest key programs

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